Christian Living: Good News to the Poor
World Vision was founded in 1950 by Bob Pierce in response to the needs of Korean War orphans. It has grown into one of the largest Christian relief and development organizations, working with a staff of 23,000 in almost 100 nations. World Vision maintains its historical focus on children, and helps their families and communities not only by supplying immediate needs but also by tackling the causes of poverty and injustice. We spoke with Richard Stearns, President of World Vision U.S., about his work.
Christian Odyssey: World Vision is an effective and influential organization. How did you come to be president of its U.S. operations?
Richard Stearns: My story meshes with one in Scripture, the story of the rich young ruler (Matthew 19:16-22). Let me tell you that one first. It starts with a question — a man came up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?” I see here a man who is a bit cocky and full of himself — looking for a public pat on the back from Jesus.
|As I wrestled with one of the most difficult decisions of my life, I could hear Jesus saying to me: “Rich, you lack one thing. Sell everything you have and give it to the poor. Then come and follow me.”|
Jesus gave him a fairly standard scriptural answer: “If you want to enter life, obey the commandments.” The man asked which ones, and Jesus answered, “Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself.”
The man should have stopped while he was ahead, but he was not fully satisfied with the answer and makes the mistake of pressing Jesus further: “All these I have kept,” the young man said, “What do I still lack?”
Jesus looks into his eyes and gives him an answer that pierces his soul and cuts him to the quick: “If you want to be perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.”
CO: And how does that story connect with you?
RS: Nine years ago I was the CEO of the fine tableware company, Lenox, a half-a-billion dollar enterprise with 4,000 employees. My salary and bonuses were almost a million dollars a year. Like this young man from Scripture, I was prosperous, a leader in my church, respected in my community. I held degrees from two Ivy League universities. I was happily married with five beautiful children. We lived in a ten-bedroom house on five acres outside of Philadelphia. I was a model church-going Christian — a poster boy for successful Christian living.
But then I had an experience very much like that of the rich young man that shattered my world. Through a series of amazing events, none of which were of my doing, I was asked to serve as president of World Vision.
I was confronted with a stark choice — quit my job, the one I had worked for more than 20 years to attain, take a huge pay cut, sell my house — move my family almost 3,000 miles to a place where we knew no one, and accept a job I didn’t want — with a strong likelihood that I would fail and find myself unemployed a year later.
I fervently wished that the story of the rich young ruler was not in the Bible. As I wrestled with one of the most difficult decisions of my life, I could hear Jesus saying to me: “Rich, you lack one thing. Sell everything you have and give it to the poor. Then come and follow me. Are you willing, Rich? Will you do this for me?”
The very next verse in this passage of Scripture was devastating. The rich young man, when confronted with the same question, could not do what Jesus asked. “He went away sad, because he had great wealth.”
This was the first time in my life that I truly understood the commitment that God wanted me to make as a follower of Christ. After great anguish and with a heavy heart, I finally accepted that call in June 1998. In July the moving vans pulled up in front of our home to move us to Washington State. And in August I found myself in Uganda in the midst of the AIDS pandemic.
CO: Some people might think that Jesus was talking to that particular man about his particular problem, and we have different problems. What makes you think that Jesus was talking to you?
RS: Jesus clearly stated his mission in Luke 4: He went to the synagogue in Nazareth and read from the scroll of Isaiah: “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to set the oppressed free, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor” (verses 16-19). I see three parts to Jesus’ mission, and they are reflected in the type of work that World Vision does:
- Proclaiming good news to the poor—to people who rarely hear good news
- Concern for the physical and material well-being of the poor
- A promise of justice—to set the oppressed and the prisoners free
As I wrestled with one of the most difficult decisions of my life, I could hear Jesus saying to me: “Rich, you lack one thing. Sell everything you have and give it to the poor. Then come and follow me.”
The question that hangs over all of us 2,000 years later is this: How are we to embrace this mission of Christ in our world? Should not our mission be the same as that of Jesus?
CO: Many conservative Christians put a low priority on helping the poor, on trying to change this messed-up world. Isn’t it reasonable for churches to focus on the gospel and to let humanitarian work be done by organizations like World Vision?
RS: Organizations can help, but I don’t think we can separate the mission of Jesus into separate spheres. The Bible tells us that the Lord is disgusted with religion that is empty and devoid of deeds. God expects not just belief, but also action motivated by our belief. James tells us that true religion means that we should care about people, about orphans and widows. It’s not enough to listen to the word — we should also do what it says (James 1:22, 27).
But I think the most powerful answer comes in the first chapter of Isaiah. In The Message Bible, Eugene Peterson paraphrased it like this:
Quit your worship charades. I can’t stand your trivial religious games: Monthly conferences, weekly Sabbaths, special meetings — meetings, meetings, meetings — I can’t stand one more!…
I’m sick of your religion, religion, religion, while you go right on sinning. When you put on your next prayer-performance, I’ll be looking the other way. No matter how long or loud or often you pray, I’ll not be listening….
Say no to wrong. Learn to do good. Work for justice. Help the down-and-out. Stand up for the homeless. Go to bat for the defenseless. (Isaiah 1:13-17).
God wants his people to care for the poor and stand up for justice. We can’t just talk about the gospel — we have to demonstrate it, too. God didn’t just love the world — he loved it so much that he did something about it—he sent his Son. Our love for the world cannot be passive, and it can’t be limited to the institutional level. It must also be personal.
To me, the most sobering of all Jesus’ recorded words are these: “Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not do what I say?” (Luke 6:46). How could I call him Lord, and not be willing to do what he asked?
CO: You were offered an unusual opportunity. The average person obviously cannot just drop everything like that. In practical terms, what can the average Christian do to share in that aspect of Jesus’ work to alleviate suffering and poverty?
RS: Certainly, not everyone should quit their job and join a humanitarian or mission organization. The Body has many parts, and those members working in other places can do their part. However, none of us is exempt from caring about the poor and oppressed. Almost 3 million people have chosen to sponsor a child through World Vision, believing that they can’t eliminate poverty altogether, but they can help one child. Others can volunteer at a soup kitchen or other local charity with a ministry to the poor. All of us can hold our elected officials accountable for just and compassionate foreign assistance policies.
CO: Poverty and the problems caused by ignorance seem overwhelming. But some people have suggested that if we really put our minds and resources to work, the major problems could be resolved in as little as 25 years. Is that really an attainable goal? If not, what do you see as attainable goals for World Vision, and those who support you, for the near future?
RS: Global poverty is a massive and complex problem — 2.8 billion people live on less than two dollars a day. About 29,000 children die every day of largely preventable causes. But Americans give just 2 percent of all of their charitable giving to international causes even though that is where 99 percent of the poverty is. And the U.S. government gives less than one half of 1 percent of the federal budget to international humanitarian assistance. We can and we must do more. We have solutions to the most extreme forms of poverty. We just need the moral will and the resources to tackle the issues. Our founder, Bob Pierce, once said: “Don’t fail to do something just because you can’t do everything.”